KC Johnson

March 11: The United States, the Middle East, and the Six-Day War (1967-8)

  • Galia Golan, “The Soviet Union and the Outbreak of the June 1967 Six-Day War,” Journal of Cold War Studies, Vol. 8, pp. 3-19.
  • Zaki Shalom, “Lyndon Johnson’s Meeting with Abba Eban, 26 May 1967: [Introduction and Protocol],” Israel Studies, pp. 221-236.
  • Avner Cohen, “Israel and the Origins of U.S. Nonproliferation Policy: The Crucial Decade, 1958-1968,” The Nonproliferation Review, Vol. 1988, pp. 1-19.
  • Mitchell Bard, “The 1968 Sale of Phantoms to Israel.”
  • Documents:Soviet response to the war, from internal Eastern Bloc document

    UN Resolution 242

    The Security Council,

    Expressing its continuing concern with the grave situation in the Middle East,

    Emphasizing the inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by war and the need to work for a just and lasting peace in which every State in the area can live in security,

    Emphasizing further that all Member States in their acceptance of the Charter of the United Nations have undertaken a commitment to act in accordance with Article 2 of the Charter,

    • Affirms that the fulfillment of Charter principles requires the establishment of a just and lasting peace in the Middle East which should include the application of both the following principles:
      • Withdrawal of Israeli armed forces from territories occupied in the recent conflict;
      • Termination of all claims or states of belligerency and respect for and acknowledgement of the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of every State in the area and their right to live in peace within secure and recognized boundaries free from threats or acts of force;
    • Affirms further the necessity
      • For guaranteeing freedom of navigation through international waterways in the area;
      • For achieving a just settlement of the refugee problem;
      • For guaranteeing the territorial inviolability and political independence of every State in the area, through measures including the establishment of demilitarized zones;
    • Requests the Secretary General to designate a Special Representative to proceed to the Middle East to establish and maintain contacts with the States concerned in order to promote agreement and assist efforts to achieve a peaceful and accepted settlement in accordance with the provisions and principles in this resolution;
    • Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Security Council on the progress of the efforts of the Special Representative as soon as possible.

    Maps: June 1967 War & Aftermath

    Movement of Arab armies before the war

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